Category: Berita

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Photo: Uighurs Muslim, source: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images

Jayakartapos,  The e of a trove of Chinese government documents offers close insight into a vast campaign of incarceration, intimidation, and abuse of Uighurs, Kazakhs, and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang province.

China has relied heavily on emerging technology and artificial intelligence to track, monitor, and surveil its citizens.

Few countries have decided to pressure Beijing, which uses economic leverage to dissuade governments and corporations from speaking out.
Chinese government leadership has at times co-opted specific rhetoric from the United States’ global war on terrorism to justify its own counterterrorism policies.

The recent release of a trove of classified internal Chinese government documents offers perhaps the closest insight yet of a vast campaign of incarceration, intimidation, and abuse of Uighurs, Kazakhs, and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang province. The documents were leaked to the New York Times from a member of China’s political establishment who is allegedly hopeful that Chinese President Xi Jinping will be forced to deal with the allegations and fallout. Yet even before the leak, reporting on China’s abuse of the Uighurs has ebbed and flowed. Despite this, few countries in the international community have decided to pressure Beijing, which uses economic leverage to dissuade governments and corporations from elevating the issue beyond milquetoast condemnations. This is a common tactic of the Chinese government, which also relies on its economic prowess to blunt criticism of its actions in Hong Kong and solidify support for its positions vis-à-vis Taiwan.

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has imprisoned more than one million ethnic minorities, and possibly twice that many, in the northwestern part of the country in what the government has labeled ‘vocational camps.’ In reality, these are internment or detention camps where citizens have been taken away from their families and forcibly relocated to try to “Sinicize” the Muslim minorities.

China has relied heavily on emerging technology, closed circuit television equipped with facial recognition software, and artificial intelligence to track, monitor, and surveil its citizens. Residents of Xinjiang are forced to carry identification cards, receive biometric scans at permanent checkpoints, and have tracking devices installed on their phones and in their vehicles. Recent reports have suggested that in Uighur homes where the men have been sent to camps, Chinese government officials have been sent to live with the families. In some cases, both parents have been placed in internment camps, effectively orphaning their children, who are then sent to state-run orphanages.

For its part, the Chinese government has spoken about the need to combat radicalization and fight back against what it labels terrorism, separatism, and extremism. In the spring of 2014, Uighur militants went on a stabbing spree in Xinjiang, killing 31 people and injuring another 150 more. Following this attack, President Xi began formulating the early version of China’s heavy-handed response, even co-opting some language from the United States’ global war on terrorism. The leak of government documents reveals internal discussions within the CCP and strongly suggests that China’s campaign of domestic repression is a deliberate and long-planned strategy which will proceed unabated and with top cover provided by high-ranking party officials. But the first anti-terrorism bill in China, which was put into effect in early 2016, coupled with the role of a new party boss in Xinjiang, Chen Quanguo, accelerated the crackdown and intensification of a scorched earth campaign against all Uighurs, ramping up in the summer of 2016.

China frequently references external events and points to relations between domestic militants and transnational terrorist organizations, like al-Qaeda, to further justify what it views as a purely internal matter. The civil war in Syria and the drawdown of U.S. troops in Afghanistan have both been referenced by Chinese leadership as potential catalysts for Uighur militancy abroad. While Beijing downplays the issue of terrorism domestically when communicating with its own citizens, the country’s leadership has used it as a cudgel to elicit sympathy on the international stage. China has done this with the intent to express a shared threat with the United States, Russia, France, the United Kingdom and other countries that have been victims of terrorist attacks by individuals and groups inspired by Sunni jihadist ideology. The international community must not let China’s behavior go unaccounted for. Using counterterrorism as an excuse to curb political opposition and abuse minority populations is not only unethical but can also serve as a rallying call for extremism. China’s current ‘counterterrorism’ policy in Xinjiang is not only a human rights disaster but may also prove counterproductive in eliminating terrorism from within and outside its borders (TSC)

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Foto: AM Hendropriyono, sumber foto:Wikipedia

Jayakartapos, Sikap pemerintah yang seakan memberi ruang bagi diperpanjangnya izin FPI menuai banyak kontroversi.

Tak terkecuali dari Tokoh Nasional, Prof. Dr. AM. Hendropriyono menyatakan tidak sepakat dengan tendensi kebijakan pemerintah yang melunak terhadap FPI.

“Jangan sampai gara gara takut pada FPI yang jumlahnya Cuma 200 ribu, pemerintah malah mengorbankan rakyat yang jumlahnya 267 juta,” katanya.

Hendropriyono menambahkan bahwa tidak ada jaminan bahwa jika pemerintah merangkul FPI lalu FPI bisa berlaku sesuai dengan koridor yang ditentukan pemerintah.

“Kartosuwiryo yang sangat besar saja kita berhasil tumpas, masa sama FPI yang kecil kita malah tunduk?”, paparnya.

“Jangan sampai manuver politik pemerintah justru membuat gembos semua alternative strategi menghadapi kaum intoleran ini,” tegasnya.

Secara konseptual, Hendropriyono menjelaskan bahwa Negara demokrasi liberal jika tidak diatur dengan baik bisa menjadi tempat subur untuk berkembangnya terorisme.

Dalam konteks Indonesia, bahkan Bung Karno dan Pak Harto yang totaliter saja kewalahan menghadapi kelompok intoleran, apalagi dengan sistem sebagaimana sekarang yang cenderung demokrasi liberal.

“Sedangkan dalam konteks hukum positif, kita nggak punya payung kuat. UU Kamnas tak jadi jadi, UU Anti Subversi bahkan sudah dicabut. Artinya kita sekarang seperti telanjang bulat menghadapi satu ekor kobra”, terang Tokoh Intelijen tersebut, Senin (2/12/2019).

Sumber: Gelora

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Photo: State civil apparatus, source: News Rakyatku

By : Amanda

Jayakartapos,  Being state civil apparatus or known called as ASN/PNS is proudly itself because ASN) is a main engine or spearhead to excecution government bureaucracy process in order to bureaucracy can accelerate development output and its outcome including reaching national purposes.

Because that, it is main duty and main mission if ASN must have single loyality to our national ideology Pancasila, our supreme law is UUD 1945, Indonesia Unitary State or NKRI and absolutely must be loyal to government.

President Jokowi had ordered all of ministers and head of state agencies to moderate and to upgrade government competitiveness level through several policies such as to curtail bureaucracy structural levels especially ecellon III and IV, discoursing about flexy working space program until 11 ministers and head of state agencies had signed radicalism rule of law or known as radicalism SKB.

Being launched those rules or SKB has been criticazing by Kontras as the government’s intention to go back to new order regime, whils Kontras’s notion absolutely wrong, because it is very absurd to reborn new order regime amids social media and democracy climate in Indonesia which it has grown well and perfectly. Then, Politic, Security and Law Coordinator Minister, Mahfud MD also denied Kontras notion related to SKB 11 ministers.

The writer has believe in good intention from government to protect state civil apparatus through those SKB in order to government will always remember and to educate ASN to keep their loyality, solidity, and their obey to the government, because indeed ASN’s salaries has given by state, and writer agree with Struggle Indonesia Democratic Party (PDIP) legislative member, Arif Wibowo that if ASN want to relaxe and freely from government’s policies and rules, they must resign from the government bureaucracy.

Nowadays, many of circuumstances if which it does not early anticipate will endanger government and lastly it can endanger state, including the existency of our national ideology and tenet, Pancasila, and we must vigilance on intensively and massively information, news, hoaxes etc circulation on social media sosial which could interfere ASN’s loyality and if its happened could make government bureaucracy will be interupted and broken down so its impacts will be given an advantage situation for anti NKRI to use it.

From several open sources information, we know that approximately around 800.000 state apparatus have been inserting with radicalism point of views. Besides that, even though HTI/ Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia had banned by the government, but HTI’s symphatizers and followers have kept to consolidate and bothering government through caliph notion and teaching through on social media which targeting ASN, military and police personell. Meanwhile former HTI, including cell terror groups also using social media to critic government performance and efforts also they are spreading their propaganda if government apparatus are thoghut or infidels and because that government could be changed and thrown.

Once more again, several policies and rules which were launched related to ASN does not curtail efforts but as the government ways to protect and remembering them to use their social media account with wisdom and prudent. Do not spread hoaxes, hate speech and bigotry on social media. It will more better if ASN has been participating to spread and to diseminate government achievement on social media.

*) The writer is bureaucracy observer.

Disclaimer: Every opinion in this media is the responsibility of the author. If there are parties who object or feel aggrieved with this article, according to the press rules, that party can give the right of reply to the author of Opinion and Editor will publish the article in a balanced manner.

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Foto: ASN, sumber foto: Redaksi Indonesia

Oleh : Amanda

Jayakartapos,  Menjadi aparatur sipil negara (ASN) adalah merupakan kebanggaan tersendiri, karena sebagai ujung tombak untuk menjalankan roda birokrasi pemerintahan, agar birokrasi dapat mengakselerasi jalannya pembangunan dan tercapainya tujuan nasional.

Oleh karena itu, menjadi sebuah keniscayaan dan kemutlakan jika ASN harus memiliki loyalitas tunggal kepada Pancasila, UUD 1945, NKRI dan jelas terhadap pemerintahan.

Presiden Jokowi melalui kementerian dan lembaga memiliki atensi untuk memperbaiki dan memprofesionalkan jajaran birokrasi atau ASN ini mulai dari rencana untuk memangkas eselon III dan IV, mewacanakan ASN bekerja di rumah (flexy working space) sampai 11 menteri dan kepala lembaga negara menerbitkan SKB radikalisme.

Diterbitkannya SKB ini dinilai Kontras sebagai upaya kembali ke rezim orde baru, dimana jelas pendapat Kontras ini tidak benar, karena tidak mungkin membangkitkan cara cara Orba ditengah tengah era media sosial bahkan iklim berdemokrasi di Indonesia yang semakin membaik. Wajar jika kemudian Menko polhukam, Mahfud MD juga membantah penilaian Kontras atas keluarnya SKB 11 Menteri tersebut.

Penulis melihat dan menyakini bahwa dikeluarkannya SKB tersebut dalam rangka pembinaan dan mengingatkan kalangan ASN atau PNS untuk menjaga loyalitas, soliditas dan kepatuhan mereka terhadap pemerintahan, karena memang ASN digaji oleh negara, sehingga benar pendapat Arif Wibowo, anggota DPR RI dari FPDIP menyatakan, jika ASN mau hidup secara bebas, ya menjadi warga biasa saja.

Sekarang ini banyak circuumstances yang apabila tidak diantisipasi secara dini akan membahayakan pemerintahan dan pada akhirnya dapat membahayakan negara, sekaligus eksistensi ideologi Pancasila, dan dalam sirkulasi informasi, berita, hoax dan lain lain di media sosial sangat intens yang dapat mempengaruhi loyalitas ASN dan jika loyalitas ASN terganggu, maka birokrasi akan pecah, sehingga akan menguntungkan anasir anasir anti NKRI.

Dibanyak sumber berita dan informasi, kita dapat mengakses informasi jika sedikitnya 800.000 aparatur negara terpapar radikalisme. Disamping itu, walaupun HTI sudah dibubarkan, namun simpatisannya terus berkonsolidasi dan “mengganggu” pemerintahan dengan penyebaran khilafah melalui medsos yang tidak menutup kemungkinan menyasar ASN, anggota TNI dan Polri. Selain eks HTI, kelompok sel teror juga menggunakan medsos untuk menilai pemerintah sebagai “thogut” yang boleh dilawan.

Sekali lagi, berbagai aturan yang diterbitkan terkait ASN/PNS bukan sebagai pembungkaman, namun upaya pembinaan untuk ASN berhati hati dan dewasa dalam bermedia sosial. Jangan menyebarkan hoax, ujaran kebencian dan bigotry di media sosial. Akan lebih baik jika ASN dalam bermedia sosial mendukung partisipasi rakyat menyukseskan seluruh program pemerintah, dan turut mendiseminasi atau menyebarluaskan capaian capaian pembangunan.

*) Penulis adalah pemerhati birokrasi.

Disclaimer : Setiap opini di media ini menjadi tanggung jawab penulis. Jika ada pihak yang berkeberatan atau merasa dirugikan dengan tulisan ini maka sesuai aturan pers bahwa pihak tersebut dapat memberikan hak jawabnya kepada penulis Opini dan Redaksi akan menayangkan tulisan tersebut secara berimbang.

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Jayakartapos, Persatuan Nusantara Maju ( PNM )yang bertempat di kopi bangsaku.Jln. Biak No.14 BB, Cideng, Jakarta Pusat.

Makna pokok Dan kedudukan Pancasila adalah suatu doktrin revolusi yang anti kolonialisme dan anti Imperialisme, Pancasila suatu perumusan Kepribadian Indonesia yang berintisarikan peradaban rakyat Indonesia selama beribu – ribu tahun lamanya.

Pancasila adalah Dasar dan falsafah Ideologi negara Republik Indonesia, pemersatu seluruh Rakyat Indonesia baik di Bidang Ideologi Politik maupun di Bidang sosial dan ekonomi

Pancasila adalah way of life suatu pedoman hidup untuk memberikan isi arah dan tujuan hidup kita baik secara pribadi maupun sebagai sebuah bangsa.

Pancasila adalah suatu aliran sosialisme yang dalam analisa dan metodenya tergolong sosialisme ilmiah, sedangkan didalam kenyataan geopolitik dan agrarisnya tergolong dalam sosialisme Religius.

Pidato lahirnya Pancasila pada tanggal 1 – Juni – 1945 Bung Karno menjelaskan lima prinsip Dasar Negara,
kebangsaan Indonesia,
internasionalisme atau perikemanusiaan,
Mufakat atau demokrasi ,
Kesejahteraan sosial dan ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa.

Tidak ada Gerakan Revolusioner tanpa di dasari oleh teori Perjuangan yang Revolusioner, Pancasila adalah suatu faham perjuangan yang Revolusioner, berdiri di atas sendi – sendinya masa aksi serta berdasarkan analisa tentang sifat dan watak Revolusi Indonesia.

Beberapa hal yang bisa d lakukan guna membangun pola pikir generasi Milenial agar mudah dalam menyerap nilai -nilai Idelogi Pancasila, memberikan kesadaran kolektif untuk selalu bergerak bersama, memberikan kesadaran atas kejayaaan peradaban masa Nusantara di Masa lampau, memberikan pemahaman atas bahayanya faham liberalisme yang penuh kebebasan tanpa mengindahkan peraturan, memberikan ruang yang sebesar-besarnya bagi Ekspresi seni dan hobi positif kalangan Milenial dalam berkarya, dengan tidak meninggalkan Pancasila sebagai rujukan dasarnya.

Salam Juang Merah Putih.

( Nov ).